How to become a doctor in Canada is a rewarding but rigorous journey that requires dedication, perseverance, and a commitment to lifelong learning. If you're passionate about pursuing a career in medicine, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps to achieve your goal and embark on a fulfilling medical career in Canada.

Step 1: Complete Prerequisite Education

High School Education

Start by obtaining a high school diploma or its equivalent with strong grades in science and math courses. Focus on subjects such as biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics to build a solid foundation for future studies in medicine.

Undergraduate Degree

Complete a bachelor's degree from a recognized university. While there is no specific undergraduate major required for medical school admission, most aspiring doctors choose to major in a science-related field such as biology, chemistry, or biochemistry. Maintain a high GPA to remain competitive for medical school admission.

Step 2: Prepare for and Take the MCAT

The Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) is a standardized exam required for admission to medical schools in Canada and the United States. Prepare for the MCAT by studying the content areas covered on the exam, including biology, chemistry, physics, psychology, and sociology. Take practice tests to familiarize yourself with the format and timing of the exam, and aim for a competitive score.

Step 3: Apply to Medical School

Research Medical Schools

Explore different medical schools in Canada to find programs that align with your interests, goals, and values. Consider factors such as location, curriculum, research opportunities, and admissions requirements when selecting schools to apply to.

Submit Applications

Complete and submit applications to medical schools through the Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS) for Ontario schools or the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada (AFMC) for schools in other provinces. Prepare a compelling personal statement, gather letters of recommendation, and ensure all application materials are submitted before the deadline.

Step 4: Complete Medical School

Four-Year MD Program

Once accepted, complete a four-year Doctor of Medicine (MD) program at an accredited medical school. The curriculum typically includes a combination of classroom lectures, laboratory sessions, clinical rotations, and elective experiences. Focus on developing clinical skills, critical thinking abilities, and professionalism throughout your medical education.

Step 5: Complete Residency Training

After graduating from medical school, aspiring doctors must complete residency training in their chosen specialty. Residency programs vary in length depending on the specialty, ranging from two to seven years. During residency, residents gain hands-on clinical experience under the supervision of experienced physicians while further honing their medical knowledge and skills.

Step 6: Obtain Medical Licensure

Complete Licensing Exams

To practice medicine in Canada, doctors must obtain a medical license from the medical regulatory authority in the province or territory where they intend to practice. This typically involves passing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) Part I and Part II, as well as any additional licensing exams required by the provincial regulatory body.

Apply for Licensure

Once all licensing exams have been successfully completed, apply for medical licensure through the provincial or territorial medical regulatory authority. Submit the required documentation, including proof of education, training, and exam scores, and pay any applicable fees.

Step 7: Begin Practicing Medicine

Upon receiving medical licensure, doctors are eligible to practice medicine in Canada. Consider pursuing additional certifications or fellowships to further specialize in your chosen field. Join professional organizations, participate in continuing medical education (CME) activities, and engage in lifelong learning to stay current with advances in medicine and provide the best possible care to your patients.


How to become a doctor in Canada is a challenging yet rewarding journey that requires dedication, hard work, and perseverance. By completing prerequisite education, preparing for and taking the MCAT, applying to medical school, completing medical school and residency training, obtaining medical licensure, and beginning your practice, you can fulfill your dream of becoming a doctor and make a positive impact on the health and well-being of individuals and communities across Canada.

For more information and resources on pursuing a career in medicine in Canada, consult the official websites of medical schools, residency programs, and regulatory authorities, as well as professional organizations such as the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC).