Septic systems are underground wastewater treatment systems that are commonly used in a lot of rural places. Using the septic tank system is much more economical than using the centralized sewer systems due to the big gap between houses with their lot sizes being larger than their houses. It is also used because of its self-contained feature, highly efficient, and simple design which makes it a lot cheaper when installing as well as easier maintenance of the system. It also does not need an installation of long sewer lines, making them less troublesome to the environment.
A common septic system is composed of a drain field and a septic tank. Septic tanks are watertight tank that was buried underground. It is constructed and designed to be able to partially treat as well as receive a lot of sanitary wastewater. Heavy solids inside the septic tank stick to the bottom while the lighter solids, including oil and grease, float to the top of the tank.
There are different types of septic systems that you can install for your house. Here are some that you can choose:
- Chamber system - This system is composed of a chain of connected chambers that is covered with soil. The pipes are the ones that carry the wastewater from septic tanks into the chambers. While in the chambers, the soil absorbs the wastewater and the microbes surrounding that area treat the liquid waste.
- Mound system - This type of system is one of the best options if the area has a shallow bedrock, shallow soil, and has high groundwater. A drain field trench will be created inside a sand mound. The liquid waste from the septic tank flows to the pump chamber where it is being pumped into the mound for treatment. The treatment happens when the wastewater is discharged from the trench, went through the sand, and then dispersed into the soil.
- Community system - This system is usually used in communities. It is a decentralized sewage treatment system that is under common ownership which collects the liquid wastes from two or more buildings. It treats the wastewater in the dispersal system that is located on a site near the buildings or houses. This type of system is commonly used in rural subdivisions.
- Evapotranspiration System - This system has a unique drain field. The soil never filters the liquid waste and it never reaches the groundwater. It is because the drain field is lined with watertight materials. The process starts when the liquid waste enters the drain field, then evaporates into the air. Evapotranspiration systems are useful in some environments. The climate in the location should have enough sunlight and heat. This system also works well on shallow souls.
Septic systems do not require a lot of maintenance. According to the National Environmental Services center, some ways can be used to prolong and protect its lifespan.
- Never drive on the absorption fields using heavy equipment as well as cars.
- Never plant trees near the septic systems because the roots of the plants might get tangled on the pipes.
- Lastly, never cover the absorption area with asphalt or concrete. An alternative option is grass because it can help in removing excess water and preventing erosion.
Advantages of Frequent Septic Tank Repair and Maintenance
Detect Problems Early On
When a tank contractor comes over to pump the tank, they often check everything that incorporates details in your systems. These details may include growing blockages in the pipes and cracks in the pipes or tanks. Regular inspections will make sure that the contractor will be able to determine some small issues in the system and fix it before it becomes a bigger issue. resulting in more expensive and riskier problems.
A Contractor Will Provide Advice On Habits That Has To Change
There are certain habits that your household must change to prolong the efficiency of the septic systems within the home. One habit that has got to be avoided is flushing feminine hygiene products, wet wipes, and tissues that may clog the pipes. Those solid wastes can fill the tank quickly. Avoid rinsing chemicals like paint and pesticides down the drain because it can damage your septic tank system.
Scheduling regular septic maintenance would allow knowledgeable to offer you advice Since the professional can check your tank and pipes, he is going to be ready to determine the proper advice which will help the effectiveness of your septic tanks.
No Sewage Backups
If your tank becomes too full before it's pumped out, there's a high risk that the sewage will flow into the topsoil and could spill over into the yard or inside your home. The main problem is that raw sewage is crammed with viruses, bacteria, parasites, and dirt which will cause fatal illnesses. Not only is it dangerous for the health, but it's also unhygienic and can send a foul odor to permeate the whole house. Your family won't be ready to eat a correct meal with all the nasty raw sewage and bad smell permeating the house.
People who get exposed to sewage leads to seven percent that acquires fatal diseases. Others who are exposed to the disease may experience fever, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Frequent septic tank maintenance will make sure that your situation won't reach any dangerous issues.